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September 20, 2010
Insect destroys Chouf's mountain tomatoes

Insect destroys Chouf's mountain tomatoes

CHOUF: An unusual insect has destroyed over 80 percent of mountain tomato crops in the Chouf, and farmers are complaining the Agriculture Ministry is not doing enough to tackle it.
The bug, which appeared during the summer and is believed by local farmers to be a product of the unusually hot weather, has been threatening the harvest of mountain tomatoes – a type of Lebanese tomato which is bigger than other breeds and is grown toward the end of summer.
The insect was dubbed “the black butterfly” by local farmers, who said the damage it is causing is tremendous.
Barouk farmer Ramez Zahreddine told The Daily Star that over 80 percent of this year’s crop has been destroyed and the insect is continuing to cause damage. “It starts by eating away at the leaves and then infiltrates the fruit and lays its eggs deep inside the plant … It’s multiplying quickly because of the weather,” he said.
Farmers are struggling to control the insect because of its fast movement and reproduction, but also because of a lack of pesticides.
Only one type of insect repellent is currently available, but farmers claim it is not effective. They have asked the Agriculture Ministry to intervene and provide the necessary chemicals

“This is one of the most dangerous problems we’ve encountered in Lebanon … This is a test for the ministry,” said farmer Toufiq Abu Alwan.
arvesting mountain tomatoes is the main source of livelihood for many in the Chouf.
Hassan Halawi said he has invested LL27 million into cultivating mountain tomatoes this year but has only earned LL 5 million back

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State of the World's Forests  August 3, 2010

State of the World's Forests

The State of the World's Forests reports on the status of forests, recent major policy and institutional developments and key issues concerning the forest sector. It makes current, reliable and policy-relevant information widely available to facilitate informed discussion and decision-making with regard to the world's forests.


The first edition in the series, State of the World's Forests 1995, analyses the state of forest resources and the role of forests in sustainable development. It includes two regional reviews, Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean.


State of the World's Forests 1997 provides an overall view of the forest sector and puts forestry into a longer-term perspective by examining trends from 1970 to 1997 and by looking ahead to 2010. It is divided into four major parts: situation and prospects for forest conservation and development; policy, planning and institutional arrangements; a special chapter on the development of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management; and six regional highlights which together cover all the countries of the world.


State of the World's Forests 1999 reports on current efforts to assess forest resources; the forest fires of 1997 and 1998; recent trends in forest management; the significance of the Kyoto Protocol of the Framework Convention on Climate Change to the forest sector; current and projected forest products production, consumption and trade; recent trends in forest policy, legislation and institutions; and the international dialogue and initiatives on forests, among other topics.


State of the World's Forests 2001 summarizes the results of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000. It covers new sectoral developments and key forest-related issues, including an in-depth look at forests and climate change, the conservation of forest biological diversity, and illegal activities in the forest sector. The forest-related international dialogue is discussed, together with initiatives in support of countries' commitments to work towards sustainable forest management, made at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992.


State of the World's Forests 2003 provides information on developments and areas of current attention as regards forest resources; the management, conservation and sustainable development of forests; the institutional framework; and the international forest policy dialogue. SOFO 2003 includes contributions from non-FAO authors on such subjects as science and technology in the forest sector; recent trends in fiscal policies in the forest sector in Africa; and the role of forests in poverty alleviation, sustainable use and management of freshwater resources, and biodiversity conservation.


State of the World's Forests 2005 has the theme 'realizing the economic benefits from forests' and includes main contributions on: enhancing the economic benefits from forests; economic benefits from agroforestry; the economics of wood energy; impacts of tariffs and non-tariff measures on forest products trade; and violent conflicts in forested areas. The edition also provides an update on issues related to forest resources, forest conservation and management, institutions and the international forest policy dialogue.


The seventh edition of State of the World’s Forests examines progress towards sustainable forest management. Part I reviews progress region by region. Each regional report is structured according to the seven thematic elements of sustainable forest management agreed by international fora as a framework for sustainable forest management: extent of forest resources; biological diversity; forest health and vitality; productive functions of forest resources; protective functions of forest resources; socio-economic functions; and legal, policy and institutional framework. These summaries are based on the most current information available, including new data, more comprehensive than ever, from the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 (FRA 2005). Part II presents selected issues in the forest sector, probing the state of knowledge or recent activities in 18 topics of interest to forestry. Climate change, forest landscape restoration, forest tenure, invasive species, wildlife management and wood energy are just a sampling of the subjects covered. State of the World’s Forests 2007 will be a useful reference for policy-makers, foresters, academics and all readers concerned with the major issues affecting the forest sector today.

What will be the impact on forests of future economic development, globalized trade and increases in the world's population? The 2009 edition of the biennial State of the World's Forests looks forward, with the theme "Society, forests and forestry: adapting for the future". Part 1 summarizes the outlook for forests and forestry in each region, based on FAO's periodic regional forest sector outlook studies. Past trends and projected demographic, economic, institutional and technological changes are examined to outline the scenario to 2030. Part 2 considers how forestry will have to adapt for the future, focusing on: the global outlook for wood products demand; mechanisms for meeting the demand for environmental services of forests; changes in forest sector institutions; and developments in science and technology. This volume will serve as a source of information to support forest-related policy and research. It is hoped that it will also stimulate creative thinking and debate to enhance the future of the world's forests.